To go clamming you will need several  pieces of equipment: a shovel, a boat, a 4’ piece of 1-foot diameter PVC, and clothes you are willing to get really dirty in. We went clamming in Tomales Bay, CA. (see below)


The first step is to drive your boat out to the “clam bed” (see below).


Then  walk carefully around the clam bed until you see a squirt of water about 6” tall very near you. This means you stepped too close to a clam and it is trying to escape by burrowing deeper. Next, mark the spot with a big X, and start digging! The hole’s diameter should be about 1’.

Dig down about 1’, then place the PVC in the hole (to prevent the sides from caving in). Keep digging inside the PVC until you find your horseshoe clam! (see below)


When you have enough clams, head home, and let them soak in fresh water for 5 hours. Now it’s time to clean them!


First cut open the shell and cut everything out of the shell. Then cut off the stomach and intestines. Next cut off the top part of the neck. Then get a good grip on the skin of the neck, and pull. The skin should come off easily. The next step is to make slits down the sides of the neck. At the bottom of the neck there are two little bean shaped things—cut them out! Wash all the meat thoroughly, and slice or chop to make clam chowder. YUM!


The Atom Bomb

45cdf0952d203d05d29dd63a3f555413100,000 scientists worked on this deadly nuclear weapon–the atom bomb.  On the 6th of August 1945 at 8:15 A.M., a U.S. B-29 Superfortress dropped the first atom bomb, nicknamed “Little Boy” on the Japanese city of Hiroshima, killing 80,000 people! Three days later another bomb nicknamed “Fat Man” was dropped on Nagasaki, killing another 40,000 people! During the next few months over 100,000 people died of radiation poisoning! This lethal weapon hasn’t been used since, and let’s hope it is never used again.




m240_slrThe M240 machine gun has been firing for the US Armed Forces since 1970. It was mainly manned by infantry units, but is mounted on vehicles too. The M240 uses mostly disintegrating belts which means after the bullet has been shot, the belt disintegrates. It has 26,000 MRBF (Mean Rounds Before Failure), which is quite high for its weight. The M240 has a weight of about 25 lbs.! The M240 fires 7.62 mm bullets. Clearly this machine gun is very cool and very deadly!


The GAU-8 Avenger

ZyU6QAJThe GAU-8 Avenger is a mind-blowing machine gun designed to shoot armor-piercing depleted uranium shells. It is mounted on the A-10 Thunderbolt, a plane often known as the “tank killer” because of its high-powered machine guns that can take out ground vehicles. The Avenger can fire at a staggering speed of 70 bullets per second, and each bullet can punch through 5 cars! It has extremely forceful recoil, which is why it is mounted slightly off-center. As the barrel rotates, it is necessary that the firing barrel is on the side of the gun aligned with the center of the plane. Overall the GAU-8 Avenger is very deadly!